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Research briefings

Associations between different methods of commuting and death from any cause, cardiovascular disease and cancer, and cancer incidence

Active travel is increasingly recognised as an important source of physical activity. This research aimed to identify associations between the different ways of commuting and death from any cause, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and cancer incidence.

Evaluating the causal impact of individual alcohol licensing decisions on local health and crime using natural experiments with synthetic controls

Robust evaluations of the impact of individual licensing decisions could potentially inform end improve local decision-making, but it is not feasible to conduct randomized experiments. Together with local practitioners we identified three case studies of local alcohol licensing decisions, and used a novel methodology to evaluate the impact of each of these decisions on local health and crime in the affected English local areas (1,000 – 15,000 people).

Addressing health inequity: Increasing participation and influence in local decision-making

A systematic review of the evidence on the effects of initiatives to increase peoples’ influence in local decision-making, and what the outcomes are in terms of influence and other determinants of health.

Young People's Mental Health during the COVID-19 Pandemic

In March 2020, the UK was placed in lockdown in an effort to help slow the spread of Coronavirus (COVID19). This project wanted to know: what was the impact of lockdown on adolescent mental health and wellbeing, social connections, and social media activity? Who are the vulnerable groups that will need additional support post-lockdown? What will schools need to consider when students return?

Black and Minority Ethic adults: a scoping review of UK mental health and wellbeing community interventions

Black and Minority Ethic (BAME) communities in the UK are disproportionately affected by poor mental health and by the social determinants of mental illness. A scoping review was undertaken to identify academic papers published since 1990 evaluating community interventions to improve the mental health and wellbeing of BAME adults in the UK.

The Community-based Prevention of Diabetes (ComPoD) trial of a voluntary sector-led programme

The ComPoD trial was funded to provide robust evidence on the effectiveness of a ‘real-world’ diabetes prevention programme in the UK.

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