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Inequalities

There are significant life expectancy gaps (of up to 9 years) and healthy life expectancy gaps (of up to 18 years) between the most and least deprived neighbourhoods and between different socio-economic groups. There are also inequalities in health linked to other axes of difference and disadvantage, notably gender, ethnicity, geography and disability – as well as for the most vulnerable groups in society (e.g. homeless, children in care, and victims of domestic violence). Health inequalities are estimated to account for 20% of the total costs of healthcare. Inequalities in health outcomes and health-related practices are largely socially determined.  We work to embed a health inequalities perspective across SPHR in all areas of our work.

A health inequalities lens is applied to all of the research and evaluation work conducted in the SPHR. All proposed projects undertaken within the School are assessed in terms of their equality implications.  To facilitate this, the NIHR CLAHRC North West Coast Health Inequalities Assessment Toolkit (HIAT) will be used to audit all of our research.

Inequalities is a current NIHR SPHR cross-cutting theme (2017-2022).

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Progressing the public health agenda: ethnicity and migration

This project’s goal is to begin to redress the marginalisation of race/ethnicity and migration within public health intervention and health inequalities research in England.

June 2017 - May 2018

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Improving knowledge exchange in public health

Getting research evidence to inform practice and policy is neither straight-forward nor guaranteed.

May 2017 - March 2018

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Working towards improving health inequalities in the North

This project will support Public Health England North in taking forward and delivering on the research implications of the 2014 PHE commissioned ‘Due North’ report into health inequalities and the North South health divide.

July 2017 - June 2018

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Stop smoking support services for people with recognised mental health problems

This research project will compare stop smoking support services offered to people with recognised mental health problems and the general population.

August 2017 - August 2018

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Supporting public health commissioners in priority setting to improve population health and address health inequalities

This study aimed to provide tailored health economics support to three local authorities and evaluate its impact by using a range of methods.

November 2012 - August 2015

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Supporting Public Health Practice to reduce health inequalities: a review of SPHR research evidence

This project aims to support SPHR to increase the profile of, and access to the research evidence it has already produced that has potential to support local action to address health inequalities and to maximise the relevance of future research for this policy and practice agenda.

July 2018 - December 2018

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Evaluating the impact of the changing role of social housing providers on inequalities for residents and communities

This work aims to explore how current changes to the role of housing officers at social housing providers has affected the health and wellbeing of residents, local communities and on other local services.

April 2018 - March 2019

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Evaluating local authority funding cuts and their consequences for health inequalities

This research aims to prepare the ground for future work assessing how public spending cuts impact on local housing provision and services, particularly those affecting people on low incomes. This work will examine how English local authorities meet the housing needs of disadvantaged residents during the ongoing period of economic hardship and public sector ‘austerity’.

April 2018 - March 2019

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Health and economic impacts of welfare rights advice in the UK

This research aims to build a working group between SPHR researchers to address outstanding research questions on the broader health and economic impacts of welfare rights advice.

June 2018 - May 2019

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Safeguarding children affected by parental substance misuse

This research project will look at parenting interventions which may be adapted for non-substance misusing parents and caregivers within families where one parent misuses substances.

April 2018 - September 2019

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