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Understanding barriers and facilitators to implementing regulatory mechanisms to restrict hot food takeaway outlets

Protection of public health has been identified as a key driver in restricting Hot Food Takeaways (HFTs). Currently, over 50% of Local Authorities (LAs) in England implement policies to regulate the opening of new businesses who wish to trade as a HFT. It is apparent that staff in LAs, both in public health and planning, would benefit from applied public health research in order for them to collate robust evidence and respond effectively and efficiently to overturn future appeals. This project aims to provide public health officers, policy planners and development control planners with applied public health research knowledge from which they can draw upon to make sound decisions in evaluating evidence to ensure they are successfully equipped to deal with and defend such appeals.

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Understanding barriers and facilitators to implementing regulatory mechanisms to restrict hot food takeaway outlets

Protection of public health has been identified as a key driver in restricting Hot Food Takeaways (HFTs). Currently, over 50% of Local Authorities (LAs) in England implement policies to regulate the opening of new businesses who wish to trade as a HFT. It is apparent that staff in LAs, both in public health and planning, would benefit from applied public health research in order for them to collate robust evidence and respond effectively and efficiently to overturn future appeals. This project aims to provide public health officers, policy planners and development control planners with applied public health research knowledge from which they can draw upon to make sound decisions in evaluating evidence to ensure they are successfully equipped to deal with and defend such appeals.

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Understanding barriers and facilitators to implementing regulatory mechanisms to restrict hot food takeaway outlets

Protection of public health has been identified as a key driver in restricting Hot Food Takeaways (HFTs). Currently, over 50% of Local Authorities (LAs) in England implement policies to regulate the opening of new businesses who wish to trade as a HFT. It is apparent that staff in LAs, both in public health and planning, would benefit from applied public health research in order for them to collate robust evidence and respond effectively and efficiently to overturn future appeals. This project aims to provide public health officers, policy planners and development control planners with applied public health research knowledge from which they can draw upon to make sound decisions in evaluating evidence to ensure they are successfully equipped to deal with and defend such appeals.

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Understanding barriers and facilitators to implementing regulatory mechanisms to restrict hot food takeaway outlets

Protection of public health has been identified as a key driver in restricting Hot Food Takeaways (HFTs). Currently, over 50% of Local Authorities (LAs) in England implement policies to regulate the opening of new businesses who wish to trade as a HFT. It is apparent that staff in LAs, both in public health and planning, would benefit from applied public health research in order for them to collate robust evidence and respond effectively and efficiently to overturn future appeals. This project aims to provide public health officers, policy planners and development control planners with applied public health research knowledge from which they can draw upon to make sound decisions in evaluating evidence to ensure they are successfully equipped to deal with and defend such appeals.

January 2020 - December 2020

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Improved use of routine data to assess and evaluate food environments

Mounting evidence links quantity and mix of high street food retailing, in particular, easy access to takeaway (‘fast-food’) outlets selling energy-dense, nutrient poor hot food for consumption off the premises, with socioeconomic inequalities, unhealthy diet.  This science has direct links to policy through informing ‘healthy’ neighbourhood design. However, most evidence is cross-sectional and descriptive, limiting scope for causal inference. Longitudinal and quasi-experimental studies are rare. This is partly a reflection of insufficient or inadequate data pertaining to the neighbourhood food environment and locations of food outlets as environmental risk factors for diet and disease, over time.

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Improved use of routine data to assess and evaluate food environments

Mounting evidence links quantity and mix of high street food retailing, in particular, easy access to takeaway (‘fast-food’) outlets selling energy-dense, nutrient poor hot food for consumption off the premises, with socioeconomic inequalities, unhealthy diet.  This science has direct links to policy through informing ‘healthy’ neighbourhood design. However, most evidence is cross-sectional and descriptive, limiting scope for causal inference. Longitudinal and quasi-experimental studies are rare. This is partly a reflection of insufficient or inadequate data pertaining to the neighbourhood food environment and locations of food outlets as environmental risk factors for diet and disease, over time.

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Improved use of routine data to assess and evaluate food environments

Mounting evidence links quantity and mix of high street food retailing, in particular, easy access to takeaway (‘fast-food’) outlets selling energy-dense, nutrient poor hot food for consumption off the premises, with socioeconomic inequalities, unhealthy diet.  This science has direct links to policy through informing ‘healthy’ neighbourhood design. However, most evidence is cross-sectional and descriptive, limiting scope for causal inference. Longitudinal and quasi-experimental studies are rare. This is partly a reflection of insufficient or inadequate data pertaining to the neighbourhood food environment and locations of food outlets as environmental risk factors for diet and disease, over time.

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Improved use of routine data to assess and evaluate food environments

Mounting evidence links quantity and mix of high street food retailing, in particular, easy access to takeaway (‘fast-food’) outlets selling energy-dense, nutrient poor hot food for consumption off the premises, with socioeconomic inequalities, unhealthy diet.  This science has direct links to policy through informing ‘healthy’ neighbourhood design. However, most evidence is cross-sectional and descriptive, limiting scope for causal inference. Longitudinal and quasi-experimental studies are rare. This is partly a reflection of insufficient or inadequate data pertaining to the neighbourhood food environment and locations of food outlets as environmental risk factors for diet and disease, over time.

June 2019 - May 2020

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Local government interactions with harmful commodity industries

Industries that produce harmful commodities such as high fat, salt or sugar foods and beverages, tobacco and alcohol have been identified as major vectors of behavioural risk factors for non-communicable diseases. The aim of the proposed work is to better understand the nature and extent of such interactions in local government, explore stakeholder views on this issue and the need for guidance, and if justified, develop a set of principles to guide local commercial strategies. While we will explore all harmful commodity industries, the proposed work has a particular focus on the food industry due to the numerous known interactions with local authority, importance to national/local public health priorities and lack of guiding frameworks.

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Local government interactions with harmful commodity industries

Industries that produce harmful commodities such as high fat, salt or sugar foods and beverages, tobacco and alcohol have been identified as major vectors of behavioural risk factors for non-communicable diseases. The aim of the proposed work is to better understand the nature and extent of such interactions in local government, explore stakeholder views on this issue and the need for guidance, and if justified, develop a set of principles to guide local commercial strategies. While we will explore all harmful commodity industries, the proposed work has a particular focus on the food industry due to the numerous known interactions with local authority, importance to national/local public health priorities and lack of guiding frameworks.

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Local government interactions with harmful commodity industries

Industries that produce harmful commodities such as high fat, salt or sugar foods and beverages, tobacco and alcohol have been identified as major vectors of behavioural risk factors for non-communicable diseases. The aim of the proposed work is to better understand the nature and extent of such interactions in local government, explore stakeholder views on this issue and the need for guidance, and if justified, develop a set of principles to guide local commercial strategies. While we will explore all harmful commodity industries, the proposed work has a particular focus on the food industry due to the numerous known interactions with local authority, importance to national/local public health priorities and lack of guiding frameworks.

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Local government interactions with harmful commodity industries

Industries that produce harmful commodities such as high fat, salt or sugar foods and beverages, tobacco and alcohol have been identified as major vectors of behavioural risk factors for non-communicable diseases. The aim of the proposed work is to better understand the nature and extent of such interactions in local government, explore stakeholder views on this issue and the need for guidance, and if justified, develop a set of principles to guide local commercial strategies. While we will explore all harmful commodity industries, the proposed work has a particular focus on the food industry due to the numerous known interactions with local authority, importance to national/local public health priorities and lack of guiding frameworks.

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Local government interactions with harmful commodity industries

Industries that produce harmful commodities such as high fat, salt or sugar foods and beverages, tobacco and alcohol have been identified as major vectors of behavioural risk factors for non-communicable diseases. The aim of the proposed work is to better understand the nature and extent of such interactions in local government, explore stakeholder views on this issue and the need for guidance, and if justified, develop a set of principles to guide local commercial strategies. While we will explore all harmful commodity industries, the proposed work has a particular focus on the food industry due to the numerous known interactions with local authority, importance to national/local public health priorities and lack of guiding frameworks.

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Local government interactions with harmful commodity industries

Industries that produce harmful commodities such as high fat, salt or sugar foods and beverages, tobacco and alcohol have been identified as major vectors of behavioural risk factors for non-communicable diseases. The aim of the proposed work is to better understand the nature and extent of such interactions in local government, explore stakeholder views on this issue and the need for guidance, and if justified, develop a set of principles to guide local commercial strategies. While we will explore all harmful commodity industries, the proposed work has a particular focus on the food industry due to the numerous known interactions with local authority, importance to national/local public health priorities and lack of guiding frameworks.

April 2019 - March 2022

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Evaluation of the removal of HFSS ‘junk-food’ advertising in public transport networks on junk-food awareness and purchasing in London

Marketing and branding is effective in encouraging the purchase and consumption of unhealthy food and drink, but the impact of outdoor advertising specifically needs further research (PHE, 2018). Advertising not only influences adult behaviour but also children’s food choices resulting in pressure being put on parents to buy unhealthy foods. This project aims to undertake (i) an impact evaluation and (ii) a process and implementation evaluation of the removal of high fat, sugar and salt (HFSS) advertising on: exposure to HFSS advertising, perceptions of HFSS foods and food purchasing in London.

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Evaluation of the removal of HFSS ‘junk-food’ advertising in public transport networks on junk-food awareness and purchasing in London

Marketing and branding is effective in encouraging the purchase and consumption of unhealthy food and drink, but the impact of outdoor advertising specifically needs further research (PHE, 2018). Advertising not only influences adult behaviour but also children’s food choices resulting in pressure being put on parents to buy unhealthy foods. This project aims to undertake (i) an impact evaluation and (ii) a process and implementation evaluation of the removal of high fat, sugar and salt (HFSS) advertising on: exposure to HFSS advertising, perceptions of HFSS foods and food purchasing in London.

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Evaluation of the removal of HFSS ‘junk-food’ advertising in public transport networks on junk-food awareness and purchasing in London

Marketing and branding is effective in encouraging the purchase and consumption of unhealthy food and drink, but the impact of outdoor advertising specifically needs further research (PHE, 2018). Advertising not only influences adult behaviour but also children’s food choices resulting in pressure being put on parents to buy unhealthy foods. This project aims to undertake (i) an impact evaluation and (ii) a process and implementation evaluation of the removal of high fat, sugar and salt (HFSS) advertising on: exposure to HFSS advertising, perceptions of HFSS foods and food purchasing in London.

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Evaluation of the removal of HFSS ‘junk-food’ advertising in public transport networks on junk-food awareness and purchasing in London

Marketing and branding is effective in encouraging the purchase and consumption of unhealthy food and drink, but the impact of outdoor advertising specifically needs further research (PHE, 2018). Advertising not only influences adult behaviour but also children’s food choices resulting in pressure being put on parents to buy unhealthy foods. This project aims to undertake (i) an impact evaluation and (ii) a process and implementation evaluation of the removal of high fat, sugar and salt (HFSS) advertising on: exposure to HFSS advertising, perceptions of HFSS foods and food purchasing in London.

Featured image 1758315296

Evaluation of the removal of HFSS ‘junk-food’ advertising in public transport networks on junk-food awareness and purchasing in London

Marketing and branding is effective in encouraging the purchase and consumption of unhealthy food and drink, but the impact of outdoor advertising specifically needs further research (PHE, 2018). Advertising not only influences adult behaviour but also children’s food choices resulting in pressure being put on parents to buy unhealthy foods. This project aims to undertake (i) an impact evaluation and (ii) a process and implementation evaluation of the removal of high fat, sugar and salt (HFSS) advertising on: exposure to HFSS advertising, perceptions of HFSS foods and food purchasing in London.

April 2019 - March 2021

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Knowledge exchange: engagement and translation of learning points into action and impact with stakeholders

This is the knowledge exchange (KE) work package for the Places & communities programme (P&C). ‘Knowledge exchange’ translates research evidence into practice for public and practitioner audiences and endorses collaborative work between researchers, decision-makers and members of the public. It also includes a study designed to test how local authorities are translating programme findings into policy and practice.

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Knowledge exchange: engagement and translation of learning points into action and impact with stakeholders

This is the knowledge exchange (KE) work package for the Places & communities programme (P&C). ‘Knowledge exchange’ translates research evidence into practice for public and practitioner audiences and endorses collaborative work between researchers, decision-makers and members of the public. It also includes a study designed to test how local authorities are translating programme findings into policy and practice.

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Knowledge exchange: engagement and translation of learning points into action and impact with stakeholders

This is the knowledge exchange (KE) work package for the Places & communities programme (P&C). ‘Knowledge exchange’ translates research evidence into practice for public and practitioner audiences and endorses collaborative work between researchers, decision-makers and members of the public. It also includes a study designed to test how local authorities are translating programme findings into policy and practice.

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Knowledge exchange: engagement and translation of learning points into action and impact with stakeholders

This is the knowledge exchange (KE) work package for the Places & communities programme (P&C). ‘Knowledge exchange’ translates research evidence into practice for public and practitioner audiences and endorses collaborative work between researchers, decision-makers and members of the public. It also includes a study designed to test how local authorities are translating programme findings into policy and practice.

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Knowledge exchange: engagement and translation of learning points into action and impact with stakeholders

This is the knowledge exchange (KE) work package for the Places & communities programme (P&C). ‘Knowledge exchange’ translates research evidence into practice for public and practitioner audiences and endorses collaborative work between researchers, decision-makers and members of the public. It also includes a study designed to test how local authorities are translating programme findings into policy and practice.

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Knowledge exchange: engagement and translation of learning points into action and impact with stakeholders

This is the knowledge exchange (KE) work package for the Places & communities programme (P&C). ‘Knowledge exchange’ translates research evidence into practice for public and practitioner audiences and endorses collaborative work between researchers, decision-makers and members of the public. It also includes a study designed to test how local authorities are translating programme findings into policy and practice.

January 2019 - March 2022

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Understanding place-centred public health strategies implemented in a context of financial constraint

Work Package 4 (WP4) seeks to understand how local authorities (LAs) use their local resources to tackle health inequalities in a context of constrained finances.

June 2019 - September 2021

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Understanding place-centred public health strategies implemented in a context of financial constraint

Work Package 4 (WP4) seeks to understand how local authorities (LAs) use their local resources to tackle health inequalities in a context of constrained finances.

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Understanding place-centred public health strategies implemented in a context of financial constraint

Work Package 4 (WP4) seeks to understand how local authorities (LAs) use their local resources to tackle health inequalities in a context of constrained finances.

June 2019 - September 2021

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Improving methodology for place and community-based public health natural experiments and interventions

Public health researchers often study events, policies or initiatives that they do not have any direct control over. For example, the introduction of the smoking ban in Scotland in 2006 and subsequently in Wales, Northern Ireland and England in 2007. These evaluations can provide important evidence in for public health, but they can be hard to evaluate.

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Improving methodology for place and community-based public health natural experiments and interventions

Public health researchers often study events, policies or initiatives that they do not have any direct control over. For example, the introduction of the smoking ban in Scotland in 2006 and subsequently in Wales, Northern Ireland and England in 2007. These evaluations can provide important evidence in for public health, but they can be hard to evaluate.

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Improving methodology for place and community-based public health natural experiments and interventions

Public health researchers often study events, policies or initiatives that they do not have any direct control over. For example, the introduction of the smoking ban in Scotland in 2006 and subsequently in Wales, Northern Ireland and England in 2007. These evaluations can provide important evidence in for public health, but they can be hard to evaluate.

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Improving methodology for place and community-based public health natural experiments and interventions

Public health researchers often study events, policies or initiatives that they do not have any direct control over. For example, the introduction of the smoking ban in Scotland in 2006 and subsequently in Wales, Northern Ireland and England in 2007. These evaluations can provide important evidence in for public health, but they can be hard to evaluate.

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Improving methodology for place and community-based public health natural experiments and interventions

Public health researchers often study events, policies or initiatives that they do not have any direct control over. For example, the introduction of the smoking ban in Scotland in 2006 and subsequently in Wales, Northern Ireland and England in 2007. These evaluations can provide important evidence in for public health, but they can be hard to evaluate.

Featured image 467991672

Improving methodology for place and community-based public health natural experiments and interventions

Public health researchers often study events, policies or initiatives that they do not have any direct control over. For example, the introduction of the smoking ban in Scotland in 2006 and subsequently in Wales, Northern Ireland and England in 2007. These evaluations can provide important evidence in for public health, but they can be hard to evaluate.

April 2019 - September 2020

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The impact of contrasting investment strategies at the local level

Given the heightened constraints on budgets, practitioners in Local Authorities have identified an urgent need for evidence on which investment approaches are likely to be the most effective in a given context in terms of impact on health and reducing health inequalities. Currently this evidence is lacking, and that is why this work package (WP2) aims to address this gap, through the exploitation of natural policy experiments, made possible by the existence of local variation across England in how available resources are invested and how this has changed over time.

January 2019 - March 2022

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The impact of contrasting investment strategies at the local level

Given the heightened constraints on budgets, practitioners in Local Authorities have identified an urgent need for evidence on which investment approaches are likely to be the most effective in a given context in terms of impact on health and reducing health inequalities. Currently this evidence is lacking, and that is why this work package (WP2) aims to address this gap, through the exploitation of natural policy experiments, made possible by the existence of local variation across England in how available resources are invested and how this has changed over time.

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The impact of contrasting investment strategies at the local level

Given the heightened constraints on budgets, practitioners in Local Authorities have identified an urgent need for evidence on which investment approaches are likely to be the most effective in a given context in terms of impact on health and reducing health inequalities. Currently this evidence is lacking, and that is why this work package (WP2) aims to address this gap, through the exploitation of natural policy experiments, made possible by the existence of local variation across England in how available resources are invested and how this has changed over time.

January 2019 - March 2022

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Places & communities - What is known? Stakeholder views and research synthesis

Public health funding in local authorities has been reduced every year since 2015/16, with further cuts of around £600 million by 2020/21. Local public health practitioners participating in the 2017 School for Public Health Research sandpit events were clear that more evidence of impacts, feasibility and cost-effectiveness was needed to support decisions around reducing health burdens and inequalities during times of economic scarcity and uncertainty about future resourcing.  As a result of these discussions this work package aims to inform local level decision-making on delivering place-based strategies to improve health and reduce inequalities during times of economic insecurity.  It begins with review of academic literature, followed by workshops with practitioners, policy-makers and members of the public to understand the different approaches available to delivering cost-effective public health strategies in times of reduced funding. 

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Places & communities - What is known? Stakeholder views and research synthesis

Public health funding in local authorities has been reduced every year since 2015/16, with further cuts of around £600 million by 2020/21. Local public health practitioners participating in the 2017 School for Public Health Research sandpit events were clear that more evidence of impacts, feasibility and cost-effectiveness was needed to support decisions around reducing health burdens and inequalities during times of economic scarcity and uncertainty about future resourcing.  As a result of these discussions this work package aims to inform local level decision-making on delivering place-based strategies to improve health and reduce inequalities during times of economic insecurity.  It begins with review of academic literature, followed by workshops with practitioners, policy-makers and members of the public to understand the different approaches available to delivering cost-effective public health strategies in times of reduced funding. 

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Places & communities - What is known? Stakeholder views and research synthesis

Public health funding in local authorities has been reduced every year since 2015/16, with further cuts of around £600 million by 2020/21. Local public health practitioners participating in the 2017 School for Public Health Research sandpit events were clear that more evidence of impacts, feasibility and cost-effectiveness was needed to support decisions around reducing health burdens and inequalities during times of economic scarcity and uncertainty about future resourcing.  As a result of these discussions this work package aims to inform local level decision-making on delivering place-based strategies to improve health and reduce inequalities during times of economic insecurity.  It begins with review of academic literature, followed by workshops with practitioners, policy-makers and members of the public to understand the different approaches available to delivering cost-effective public health strategies in times of reduced funding. 

April 2019 - September 2020

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NIHR School for Public Health Research Fellowships call now open

The NIHR School for Public Health Research has announced it will fund up to 16 pre- and post-doctoral Fellowships as part of an initiative to build capacity in public health research. Deadline for applications is 4pm on Friday 20th September.

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