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Understanding barriers and facilitators to implementing regulatory mechanisms to restrict hot food takeaway outlets

Protection of public health has been identified as a key driver in restricting Hot Food Takeaways (HFTs). Currently, over 50% of Local Authorities (LAs) in England implement policies to regulate the opening of new businesses who wish to trade as a HFT. It is apparent that staff in LAs, both in public health and planning, would benefit from applied public health research in order for them to collate robust evidence and respond effectively and efficiently to overturn future appeals. This project aims to provide public health officers, policy planners and development control planners with applied public health research knowledge from which they can draw upon to make sound decisions in evaluating evidence to ensure they are successfully equipped to deal with and defend such appeals.

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Understanding barriers and facilitators to implementing regulatory mechanisms to restrict hot food takeaway outlets

Protection of public health has been identified as a key driver in restricting Hot Food Takeaways (HFTs). Currently, over 50% of Local Authorities (LAs) in England implement policies to regulate the opening of new businesses who wish to trade as a HFT. It is apparent that staff in LAs, both in public health and planning, would benefit from applied public health research in order for them to collate robust evidence and respond effectively and efficiently to overturn future appeals. This project aims to provide public health officers, policy planners and development control planners with applied public health research knowledge from which they can draw upon to make sound decisions in evaluating evidence to ensure they are successfully equipped to deal with and defend such appeals.

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Understanding barriers and facilitators to implementing regulatory mechanisms to restrict hot food takeaway outlets

Protection of public health has been identified as a key driver in restricting Hot Food Takeaways (HFTs). Currently, over 50% of Local Authorities (LAs) in England implement policies to regulate the opening of new businesses who wish to trade as a HFT. It is apparent that staff in LAs, both in public health and planning, would benefit from applied public health research in order for them to collate robust evidence and respond effectively and efficiently to overturn future appeals. This project aims to provide public health officers, policy planners and development control planners with applied public health research knowledge from which they can draw upon to make sound decisions in evaluating evidence to ensure they are successfully equipped to deal with and defend such appeals.

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Understanding barriers and facilitators to implementing regulatory mechanisms to restrict hot food takeaway outlets

Protection of public health has been identified as a key driver in restricting Hot Food Takeaways (HFTs). Currently, over 50% of Local Authorities (LAs) in England implement policies to regulate the opening of new businesses who wish to trade as a HFT. It is apparent that staff in LAs, both in public health and planning, would benefit from applied public health research in order for them to collate robust evidence and respond effectively and efficiently to overturn future appeals. This project aims to provide public health officers, policy planners and development control planners with applied public health research knowledge from which they can draw upon to make sound decisions in evaluating evidence to ensure they are successfully equipped to deal with and defend such appeals.

January 2020 - December 2020

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Improved use of routine data to assess and evaluate food environments

While a growing number of epidemiological studies have shown a positive association of unhealthy food retail access, with poor diet, greater body weight and odds of obesity, and poor health outcomes, the evidence base remains equivocal. The majority of published research evidence has been cross-sectional and observational, which limits scope for causal inference. Studies have also focussed on broad classes of food outlets (e.g. takeaways, supermarkets, restaurants), with little discrimination between outlet cuisine types, exposure to which may be differentially associated with body weight, and specific dietary and health outcomes

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Improved use of routine data to assess and evaluate food environments

While a growing number of epidemiological studies have shown a positive association of unhealthy food retail access, with poor diet, greater body weight and odds of obesity, and poor health outcomes, the evidence base remains equivocal. The majority of published research evidence has been cross-sectional and observational, which limits scope for causal inference. Studies have also focussed on broad classes of food outlets (e.g. takeaways, supermarkets, restaurants), with little discrimination between outlet cuisine types, exposure to which may be differentially associated with body weight, and specific dietary and health outcomes

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Improved use of routine data to assess and evaluate food environments

While a growing number of epidemiological studies have shown a positive association of unhealthy food retail access, with poor diet, greater body weight and odds of obesity, and poor health outcomes, the evidence base remains equivocal. The majority of published research evidence has been cross-sectional and observational, which limits scope for causal inference. Studies have also focussed on broad classes of food outlets (e.g. takeaways, supermarkets, restaurants), with little discrimination between outlet cuisine types, exposure to which may be differentially associated with body weight, and specific dietary and health outcomes

Featured image 32954860

Improved use of routine data to assess and evaluate food environments

While a growing number of epidemiological studies have shown a positive association of unhealthy food retail access, with poor diet, greater body weight and odds of obesity, and poor health outcomes, the evidence base remains equivocal. The majority of published research evidence has been cross-sectional and observational, which limits scope for causal inference. Studies have also focussed on broad classes of food outlets (e.g. takeaways, supermarkets, restaurants), with little discrimination between outlet cuisine types, exposure to which may be differentially associated with body weight, and specific dietary and health outcomes

June 2019 - May 2020

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Local government interactions with harmful commodity industries

Industries that produce harmful commodities such as high fat, salt or sugar foods and beverages, tobacco and alcohol have been identified as major vectors of behavioural risk factors for non-communicable diseases. The aim of the proposed work is to better understand the nature and extent of such interactions in local government, explore stakeholder views on this issue and the need for guidance, and if justified, develop a set of principles to guide local commercial strategies. While we will explore all harmful commodity industries, the proposed work has a particular focus on the food industry due to the numerous known interactions with local authority, importance to national/local public health priorities and lack of guiding frameworks.

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Local government interactions with harmful commodity industries

Industries that produce harmful commodities such as high fat, salt or sugar foods and beverages, tobacco and alcohol have been identified as major vectors of behavioural risk factors for non-communicable diseases. The aim of the proposed work is to better understand the nature and extent of such interactions in local government, explore stakeholder views on this issue and the need for guidance, and if justified, develop a set of principles to guide local commercial strategies. While we will explore all harmful commodity industries, the proposed work has a particular focus on the food industry due to the numerous known interactions with local authority, importance to national/local public health priorities and lack of guiding frameworks.

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Local government interactions with harmful commodity industries

Industries that produce harmful commodities such as high fat, salt or sugar foods and beverages, tobacco and alcohol have been identified as major vectors of behavioural risk factors for non-communicable diseases. The aim of the proposed work is to better understand the nature and extent of such interactions in local government, explore stakeholder views on this issue and the need for guidance, and if justified, develop a set of principles to guide local commercial strategies. While we will explore all harmful commodity industries, the proposed work has a particular focus on the food industry due to the numerous known interactions with local authority, importance to national/local public health priorities and lack of guiding frameworks.

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Local government interactions with harmful commodity industries

Industries that produce harmful commodities such as high fat, salt or sugar foods and beverages, tobacco and alcohol have been identified as major vectors of behavioural risk factors for non-communicable diseases. The aim of the proposed work is to better understand the nature and extent of such interactions in local government, explore stakeholder views on this issue and the need for guidance, and if justified, develop a set of principles to guide local commercial strategies. While we will explore all harmful commodity industries, the proposed work has a particular focus on the food industry due to the numerous known interactions with local authority, importance to national/local public health priorities and lack of guiding frameworks.

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Local government interactions with harmful commodity industries

Industries that produce harmful commodities such as high fat, salt or sugar foods and beverages, tobacco and alcohol have been identified as major vectors of behavioural risk factors for non-communicable diseases. The aim of the proposed work is to better understand the nature and extent of such interactions in local government, explore stakeholder views on this issue and the need for guidance, and if justified, develop a set of principles to guide local commercial strategies. While we will explore all harmful commodity industries, the proposed work has a particular focus on the food industry due to the numerous known interactions with local authority, importance to national/local public health priorities and lack of guiding frameworks.

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Local government interactions with harmful commodity industries

Industries that produce harmful commodities such as high fat, salt or sugar foods and beverages, tobacco and alcohol have been identified as major vectors of behavioural risk factors for non-communicable diseases. The aim of the proposed work is to better understand the nature and extent of such interactions in local government, explore stakeholder views on this issue and the need for guidance, and if justified, develop a set of principles to guide local commercial strategies. While we will explore all harmful commodity industries, the proposed work has a particular focus on the food industry due to the numerous known interactions with local authority, importance to national/local public health priorities and lack of guiding frameworks.

April 2019 - March 2022

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Evaluation of the removal of HFSS ‘junk-food’ advertising in public transport networks on junk-food awareness and purchasing in London

Marketing and branding is effective in encouraging the purchase and consumption of unhealthy food and drink, but the impact of outdoor advertising specifically needs further research (PHE, 2018). Advertising not only influences adult behaviour but also children’s food choices resulting in pressure being put on parents to buy unhealthy foods. This project aims to undertake (i) an impact evaluation and (ii) a process and implementation evaluation of the removal of high fat, sugar and salt (HFSS) advertising on: exposure to HFSS advertising, perceptions of HFSS foods and food purchasing in London.

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Evaluation of the removal of HFSS ‘junk-food’ advertising in public transport networks on junk-food awareness and purchasing in London

Marketing and branding is effective in encouraging the purchase and consumption of unhealthy food and drink, but the impact of outdoor advertising specifically needs further research (PHE, 2018). Advertising not only influences adult behaviour but also children’s food choices resulting in pressure being put on parents to buy unhealthy foods. This project aims to undertake (i) an impact evaluation and (ii) a process and implementation evaluation of the removal of high fat, sugar and salt (HFSS) advertising on: exposure to HFSS advertising, perceptions of HFSS foods and food purchasing in London.

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Evaluation of the removal of HFSS ‘junk-food’ advertising in public transport networks on junk-food awareness and purchasing in London

Marketing and branding is effective in encouraging the purchase and consumption of unhealthy food and drink, but the impact of outdoor advertising specifically needs further research (PHE, 2018). Advertising not only influences adult behaviour but also children’s food choices resulting in pressure being put on parents to buy unhealthy foods. This project aims to undertake (i) an impact evaluation and (ii) a process and implementation evaluation of the removal of high fat, sugar and salt (HFSS) advertising on: exposure to HFSS advertising, perceptions of HFSS foods and food purchasing in London.

Featured image 1768460982

Evaluation of the removal of HFSS ‘junk-food’ advertising in public transport networks on junk-food awareness and purchasing in London

Marketing and branding is effective in encouraging the purchase and consumption of unhealthy food and drink, but the impact of outdoor advertising specifically needs further research (PHE, 2018). Advertising not only influences adult behaviour but also children’s food choices resulting in pressure being put on parents to buy unhealthy foods. This project aims to undertake (i) an impact evaluation and (ii) a process and implementation evaluation of the removal of high fat, sugar and salt (HFSS) advertising on: exposure to HFSS advertising, perceptions of HFSS foods and food purchasing in London.

Featured image 480201198

Evaluation of the removal of HFSS ‘junk-food’ advertising in public transport networks on junk-food awareness and purchasing in London

Marketing and branding is effective in encouraging the purchase and consumption of unhealthy food and drink, but the impact of outdoor advertising specifically needs further research (PHE, 2018). Advertising not only influences adult behaviour but also children’s food choices resulting in pressure being put on parents to buy unhealthy foods. This project aims to undertake (i) an impact evaluation and (ii) a process and implementation evaluation of the removal of high fat, sugar and salt (HFSS) advertising on: exposure to HFSS advertising, perceptions of HFSS foods and food purchasing in London.

April 2019 - March 2021

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Places & communities - knowledge translation work package

This is the knowledge translation (KT) work package for the Places & communities programme (P&C). It is a Research translation/evidence implementation project. It also includes a study designed to test the feasibility of local authorities translating programme findings into policy and practice.

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Places & communities - knowledge translation work package

This is the knowledge translation (KT) work package for the Places & communities programme (P&C). It is a Research translation/evidence implementation project. It also includes a study designed to test the feasibility of local authorities translating programme findings into policy and practice.

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Places & communities - knowledge translation work package

This is the knowledge translation (KT) work package for the Places & communities programme (P&C). It is a Research translation/evidence implementation project. It also includes a study designed to test the feasibility of local authorities translating programme findings into policy and practice.

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Places & communities - knowledge translation work package

This is the knowledge translation (KT) work package for the Places & communities programme (P&C). It is a Research translation/evidence implementation project. It also includes a study designed to test the feasibility of local authorities translating programme findings into policy and practice.

Featured image 974625922

Places & communities - knowledge translation work package

This is the knowledge translation (KT) work package for the Places & communities programme (P&C). It is a Research translation/evidence implementation project. It also includes a study designed to test the feasibility of local authorities translating programme findings into policy and practice.

Featured image 1784780431

Places & communities - knowledge translation work package

This is the knowledge translation (KT) work package for the Places & communities programme (P&C). It is a Research translation/evidence implementation project. It also includes a study designed to test the feasibility of local authorities translating programme findings into policy and practice.

January 2019 - March 2022

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Understanding place-centred public health strategies implemented in a context of financial constraint

This work package (WP4) of Places & communities work stream A (WSA) seeks to understand in depth how local authorities (LAs) develop and deliver place-centred strategies that maximise human and financial resources and assets to tackle social determinants of health and health inequalities in a context of constrained finances. It will elucidate the pathways between these strategies and improvements in health, wellbeing and inequalities, drawing on interpretative and realist perspectives.

June 2019 - September 2021

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Understanding place-centred public health strategies implemented in a context of financial constraint

This work package (WP4) of Places & communities work stream A (WSA) seeks to understand in depth how local authorities (LAs) develop and deliver place-centred strategies that maximise human and financial resources and assets to tackle social determinants of health and health inequalities in a context of constrained finances. It will elucidate the pathways between these strategies and improvements in health, wellbeing and inequalities, drawing on interpretative and realist perspectives.

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Understanding place-centred public health strategies implemented in a context of financial constraint

This work package (WP4) of Places & communities work stream A (WSA) seeks to understand in depth how local authorities (LAs) develop and deliver place-centred strategies that maximise human and financial resources and assets to tackle social determinants of health and health inequalities in a context of constrained finances. It will elucidate the pathways between these strategies and improvements in health, wellbeing and inequalities, drawing on interpretative and realist perspectives.

June 2019 - September 2021

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Improving methodology for place and community-based public health natural experiments and interventions

This work package aims to provide the methodological underpinning of natural experiments conducted within the Places & communities theme as well the Children, young people & families and Public mental health themes, and, while doing so, also provide new practical guidance for local and national public health practitioners on when (and when not) to conduct natural experiments, how they could be designed, what different methods are available for analyses, and how the results of these place-based natural experiments should be interpreted. Moreover, the new guidance will link natural experiments to recent developments around systems thinking in public health.

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Improving methodology for place and community-based public health natural experiments and interventions

This work package aims to provide the methodological underpinning of natural experiments conducted within the Places & communities theme as well the Children, young people & families and Public mental health themes, and, while doing so, also provide new practical guidance for local and national public health practitioners on when (and when not) to conduct natural experiments, how they could be designed, what different methods are available for analyses, and how the results of these place-based natural experiments should be interpreted. Moreover, the new guidance will link natural experiments to recent developments around systems thinking in public health.

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Improving methodology for place and community-based public health natural experiments and interventions

This work package aims to provide the methodological underpinning of natural experiments conducted within the Places & communities theme as well the Children, young people & families and Public mental health themes, and, while doing so, also provide new practical guidance for local and national public health practitioners on when (and when not) to conduct natural experiments, how they could be designed, what different methods are available for analyses, and how the results of these place-based natural experiments should be interpreted. Moreover, the new guidance will link natural experiments to recent developments around systems thinking in public health.

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Improving methodology for place and community-based public health natural experiments and interventions

This work package aims to provide the methodological underpinning of natural experiments conducted within the Places & communities theme as well the Children, young people & families and Public mental health themes, and, while doing so, also provide new practical guidance for local and national public health practitioners on when (and when not) to conduct natural experiments, how they could be designed, what different methods are available for analyses, and how the results of these place-based natural experiments should be interpreted. Moreover, the new guidance will link natural experiments to recent developments around systems thinking in public health.

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Improving methodology for place and community-based public health natural experiments and interventions

This work package aims to provide the methodological underpinning of natural experiments conducted within the Places & communities theme as well the Children, young people & families and Public mental health themes, and, while doing so, also provide new practical guidance for local and national public health practitioners on when (and when not) to conduct natural experiments, how they could be designed, what different methods are available for analyses, and how the results of these place-based natural experiments should be interpreted. Moreover, the new guidance will link natural experiments to recent developments around systems thinking in public health.

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Improving methodology for place and community-based public health natural experiments and interventions

This work package aims to provide the methodological underpinning of natural experiments conducted within the Places & communities theme as well the Children, young people & families and Public mental health themes, and, while doing so, also provide new practical guidance for local and national public health practitioners on when (and when not) to conduct natural experiments, how they could be designed, what different methods are available for analyses, and how the results of these place-based natural experiments should be interpreted. Moreover, the new guidance will link natural experiments to recent developments around systems thinking in public health.

April 2019 - September 2020

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The impact of contrasting investment strategies at the local level

Given the heightened constraints on budgets, practitioners in Local Authorities have identified an urgent need for evidence on which investment approaches are likely to be the most effective in a given context in terms of impact on health and reducing health inequalities. Currently this evidence is lacking, and that is why this work package (WP2) aims to address this gap, through the exploitation of natural policy experiments, made possible by the existence of local variation across England in how available resources are invested and how this has changed over time.

January 2019 - March 2022

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The impact of contrasting investment strategies at the local level

Given the heightened constraints on budgets, practitioners in Local Authorities have identified an urgent need for evidence on which investment approaches are likely to be the most effective in a given context in terms of impact on health and reducing health inequalities. Currently this evidence is lacking, and that is why this work package (WP2) aims to address this gap, through the exploitation of natural policy experiments, made possible by the existence of local variation across England in how available resources are invested and how this has changed over time.

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The impact of contrasting investment strategies at the local level

Given the heightened constraints on budgets, practitioners in Local Authorities have identified an urgent need for evidence on which investment approaches are likely to be the most effective in a given context in terms of impact on health and reducing health inequalities. Currently this evidence is lacking, and that is why this work package (WP2) aims to address this gap, through the exploitation of natural policy experiments, made possible by the existence of local variation across England in how available resources are invested and how this has changed over time.

January 2019 - March 2022

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Places & communities - What is known? Stakeholder views and research synthesis

Places & communities workstream A begins by scoping out the topic area relevant to our research question, through literature review and stakeholder consultation (WP1). Besides synthesising empirical findings, WP1 will provide the theoretical underpinning for the Programme developing a typology of strategies and interventions for reducing health inequalities with scarce resources – and generating theories underpinning our assumptions of how different types of approach impact upon health inequalities.

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Places & communities - What is known? Stakeholder views and research synthesis

Places & communities workstream A begins by scoping out the topic area relevant to our research question, through literature review and stakeholder consultation (WP1). Besides synthesising empirical findings, WP1 will provide the theoretical underpinning for the Programme developing a typology of strategies and interventions for reducing health inequalities with scarce resources – and generating theories underpinning our assumptions of how different types of approach impact upon health inequalities.

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Places & communities - What is known? Stakeholder views and research synthesis

Places & communities workstream A begins by scoping out the topic area relevant to our research question, through literature review and stakeholder consultation (WP1). Besides synthesising empirical findings, WP1 will provide the theoretical underpinning for the Programme developing a typology of strategies and interventions for reducing health inequalities with scarce resources – and generating theories underpinning our assumptions of how different types of approach impact upon health inequalities.

April 2019 - September 2020

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